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数控机床和一般机床有什么区别?

2020-10-09 15:39:50 来源:http://www.sdjkyqyb.com/ 53

  其实,现在数控技能对于数控机床是密不行分的。数控机床,简略含义上来了解,就是在机床上加上数控体系。当然,数控机床并不单单仅仅加个数控体系就好了。数控技能是当前机械加工职业运用的先进的加工设备,它包括数控车床、数控铣床、数控铣镗床、数控加工中心、数控线切开等多种类别。所谓数控技能,就是用数字化程序信号,通过计算机操控机床加工进程。
  In fact, now CNC skills for CNC machine tools is inseparable. Numerical control machine tool, the brief meaning comes to understand, is to add the numerical control system on the machine tool. Of course, CNC machine tools are not just adding a CNC system. CNC skills are the advanced processing equipment used in the current mechanical processing profession. They include CNC lathe, CNC milling machine, CNC milling and boring machine, CNC machining center, CNC line cutting and other categories. The so-called numerical control skill is to use digital program signal to control the machining process of machine tool through computer.
  什么是数控机床?它与一般机床的区别是什么?下面浙大中控的小编就来给大家介绍下。
  What is CNC machine tool? What is the difference between it and general machine tools? Next, the small editor of central control of Zhejiang University will introduce it to you.
  机床是制作机器的机器,也是能制作机床本身的机器。车、铣、刨、磨、镗、钻、电火花、剪板、折弯、激光切开等等都是机械加工方法,所谓机械加工,就是把金属毛坯零件加工成所需要的形状,包括尺度精度和几许精度两个方面。能完结以上功用的设备都称为机床,数控机床就是在一般机床上发展过来的,数控机床,是一种高精度、高效率的主动化机床。数控的意思就是数字操控。
  Machine tool is the machine that makes the machine, also can make the machine tool itself. Turning, milling, planing, grinding, boring, drilling, EDM, plate cutting, bending, laser cutting and so on are all mechanical processing methods. The so-called mechanical processing is to process the metal blank parts into the required shape, including scale accuracy and several precision. The equipment that can complete the above functions is called machine tool. CNC machine tool is developed on general machine tool. CNC machine tool is a kind of high precision and high efficiency active machine tool. Numerical control means digital control.
              浙大中控
  数控机床,简略来说就是数字操控机床,是一种装有程序操控体系的主动化机床。该体系可以逻辑地处理具有操控编码或许其他符号指令规则的程序,并将其译码,然后使机床动作并加工零件。数控机床的操控单元数控机床的操作和监控悉数在这个数控单元中完结,它是数控机床的大脑。我们一般所说的数控设备,主要是指数控车床和加工中心。
  Numerical control machine tool, in short, is a kind of automatic machine tool with program control system. The system can logically process and decode the program with control code or other symbol instruction rules, and then make the machine move and process parts. The control unit of CNC machine tool, the operation and monitoring of CNC machine tool are completed in this NC unit, which is the brain of CNC machine tool. We generally said that the numerical control equipment, mainly refers to the numerical control lathe and the processing center.
  运用数控机床完结加工进程具有一般机床不行比较的特点:
  The use of CNC machine tools to complete the processing process has the characteristics that ordinary machine tools can not compare1、可以大幅度进步生产率。工件装夹完结后,输入已编制好的加工程序,机床将主动完结加工进程,加工零件改变时,一般只需要更改数控程序,因而大大缩短了加工时间,然后可比一般机床进步生产率几倍以上。
  1. Productivity can be greatly improved. After the workpiece clamping is finished, the machine tool will finish the processing process actively by inputting the prepared processing program. When the machining parts are changed, only the NC program needs to be changed, so the processing time is greatly shortened, and then the productivity can be several times higher than that of the general machine tool.
  2、具有很高的加工精度,产品质量非常安稳。由所以按程序主动加工,加工精度还可以使用软件进行校正和补偿,所以可获得很高的加工精度,现在各企业中的高、精、尖产品简直都是使用数控机床进行加工制作的。
  2. It has high machining precision and stable product quality. As a result of active processing according to the program, the processing accuracy can also be corrected and compensated by using software, so it can obtain high machining accuracy. Now the high, precision and sharp products in various enterprises are almost processed by CNC machine tools.
  3、主动化程度高,大大减轻了劳动强度,在很大程度上淡化了体力劳动与脑力劳动的差别。数控机床操作者的作业进程具有很高的科技含量,对操作人员的本质要求较高,对修理人员的技能要求更高。现已彻底不属于曩昔含义上的“蓝领工人”。会数控机床操作的人,被人们称为“灰领”;懂得数控机床修理的人,被人们称为“银领”;既会操作又懂得修理的数控通才,被人们称为“金领”。
  3. The high degree of initiative greatly reduces the labor intensity and weakens the difference between physical labor and mental labor to a great extent. The operation process of CNC machine tool operator has a high scientific and technological content, which requires higher essential requirements for operators and higher skills for repair personnel. It does not belong to "blue collar workers" in the past. People who can operate CNC machine tools are called "Gray Collar"; those who know how to repair CNC machine tools are called "silver collar"; those who can operate and repair CNC machines are called "gold collar".
  以上是关于数控机床与一般机床的区别的介绍,希望对大家有所帮助,如想了解更多内容欢迎点击浙大中控www.sdjkyqyb.com网站。
  The above is about the difference between CNC machine tools and general machine tools, I hope to help you, if you want to know more, welcome to Zhejiang University central control www.sdjkyqyb.com Website.
 
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